Habitat (Vegetation) Types Code List

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11 Subnival Vegetation 3200 – 3800 m
12 Alpine Vegetation 2450 – 3200 m
12 Alpine Vegetation 2450 – 3200 m 121 Alpine turfs with dominant grasses and sedges
12 Alpine Vegetation 2450 – 3200 m 122 Alpine carpets where grasses and sedges are not dominant, rich in Campanula spp., Primula spp., Viola oreades
12 Alpine Vegetation 2450 – 3200 m 123 Scrub heath on raw soils with Vaccinium spp., Nardus stricta
12 Alpine Vegetation 2450 – 3200 m 124 Rock and scree vegetation
13 Subalpine Vegetation 1900 – 2450 m
13 Subalpine Vegetation 1900 – 2450 m 131 Lower subalpine vegetation below 2200 m with forests of Fagus orientalis, Betula medwedewii, Picea orientalis, Abies nordmannianna, Sorbus aucuparia
13 Subalpine Vegetation 1900 – 2450 m 132 Upper subalpine vegetation above timberline, birch-Krummholz, alpine meadows, Rhododendron scrub
13 Subalpine Vegetation 1900 – 2450 m 133 Tall-forb vegetation with Aconitum spp., Cicerbita spp., Heracleum spp. Campanula lactiflora
21 Montane, partly submontane fir and spuce forests, dominated by Abies nordmanniana with Fagus orientalis and Picea orientalis 1400 – 1900 m
21 Montane, partly submontane fir and spuce forests, dominated by Abies nordmanniana with Fagus orientalis and Picea orientalis 1400 – 1900 m 211 Species-poor and dry variant with Poa nemoralis and Brachypodium pinnatum
21 Montane, partly submontane fir and spuce forests, dominated by Abies nordmanniana with Fagus orientalis and Picea orientalis 1400 – 1900 m 212 Moist variant with Sanicula europaea, Vaccinium arctostaphylos, Daphne pontica
21 Montane, partly submontane fir and spuce forests, dominated by Abies nordmanniana with Fagus orientalis and Picea orientalis 1400 – 1900 m 213 Southern Colchis variant with Viburnum orientale, Ilex colchica, Rhododendron ponticum, Trachystemon orientale
21 Montane, partly submontane fir and spuce forests, dominated by Abies nordmanniana with Fagus orientalis and Picea orientalis 1400 – 1900 m 214 Fern-rich variant with Athyrium filix-femina, Oreopteris limbosperma, Matteuccia struthiopteris
22 Montane to altimontane pine forests with dominating Pinus sylvestris var. hamata 700 – 2400 m
22 Montane to altimontane pine forests with dominating Pinus sylvestris var. hamata 700 – 2400 m 221 Dry variant below 1500 m with accompanying Quercus petraea ssp. iberica
22 Montane to altimontane pine forests with dominating Pinus sylvestris var. hamata 700 – 2400 m 222 Dry variant above 1500 m with accompanying Quercus macranthera, Acer spp.
22 Montane to altimontane pine forests with dominating Pinus sylvestris var. hamata 700 – 2400 m 223 Moist variant with Picea orientalis, Betula pubescens var. litwinowii, Abies nordmanniana, Fagus orientalis, Fraxinus excelsior
23 Montane to altimontane oriental beech forests and hornbeam-oriental beech forests 1000 – 2200 m
23 Montane to altimontane oriental beech forests and hornbeam-oriental beech forests 1000 – 2200 m 231 Variant of the Lesser Caucasus with Fagus orientalis and Picea orientalis
23 Montane to altimontane oriental beech forests and hornbeam-oriental beech forests 1000 – 2200 m 232 Variant with Fagus orientalis, Carpinus orientalis, Fraxinus excelsior
24 Colline to submontane hornbeam-oak forests
24 Colline to submontane hornbeam-oak forests 241 Typical variant with Quercus petraea ssp. iberica, Carpinus betulus, Carpinus orientalis
24 Colline to submontane hornbeam-oak forests 242 Western Georgian variant
25 Hygrophilous thermophytic mixed deciduous broad-leaved forests, Colchic forests Deciduous tree layer: Fagus orientalis, Castanaea sativa, Carpinus orientalis, Tilia caucasica, Evergreen lower tree-layer and shrub-layer: Rhododendron ponticum, R. ungernii, R. smirnowii, Prunus laurocerasus, Ilex colchia, Buxus sempervirens, Evergreen lianas: Hedera colchica, Smilax excelsa
26 Mediterranean pine forests Western Georgia, dominated by Pinus pityusa, Carpinus orientalis, Cistus creticus, Rhododendron luteum, Ruscus aculeatus, R. colchicus
27 Open juniper woodland Scattered Quercus petraea ssp. iberica, Juniperus communis ssp. oblonga and a mixture of steppe elements and xerothermic meadows
28 Alder cars and swamp forests Dominant trees: Alnus barbata, Fraxinus excelsior, Pterocarya pterocarpa, and open reed vegetation with Typha latifolia, Phragmites australis, Carex spp.
31 Herb-rich grass steppes and herb-grass steppes Grasses: Bothriochloa bladhii, Stipa spp., Koeleria gracilis, geophytes: Tulipa undulatifolia, Iris iberica, I. caucasica, perennials: Onobrychis transcaucasica, Phlomis pungens, Ranunculus illyricus
31 Herb-rich grass steppes and herb-grass steppes Grasses: Bothriochloa bladhii, Stipa spp., Koeleria gracilis, geophytes: Tulipa undulatifolia, Iris iberica, I. caucasica, perennials: Onobrychis transcaucasica, Phlomis pungens, Ranunculus illyricus 311 Phryganoid vegetation
31 Herb-rich grass steppes and herb-grass steppes Grasses: Bothriochloa bladhii, Stipa spp., Koeleria gracilis, geophytes: Tulipa undulatifolia, Iris iberica, I. caucasica, perennials: Onobrychis transcaucasica, Phlomis pungens, Ranunculus illyricus 312 Armeno-Iranian phrygana Dominated by dwarf shrubs, cushion-like shrublets and spiny perennials: Amygdalus fenzliana, Rhamnus pallasii, Ephedra procera
31 Herb-rich grass steppes and herb-grass steppes Grasses: Bothriochloa bladhii, Stipa spp., Koeleria gracilis, geophytes: Tulipa undulatifolia, Iris iberica, I. caucasica, perennials: Onobrychis transcaucasica, Phlomis pungens, Ranunculus illyricus 313 Shibilak Seconary bush with dominant Paliurus spina.christ, Rhamnus pallasii, Cotinus coggyria on former Carpinus orientalis-forest localities
32 Lowland-colline dwarf sub-shrub deserts with ephemeroids Xerophytic and halophytic vegetation with subshrubs and annuals: Salsola ericoides, Nitraria schoberi, Artemisia lerchiana
32 Lowland-colline dwarf sub-shrub deserts with ephemeroids Xerophytic and halophytic vegetation with subshrubs and annuals: Salsola ericoides, Nitraria schoberi, Artemisia lerchiana 321 Saline semidesert In Georgia rare near border to Azerbeidjan, Ararat plain with Salsola ericoides, Halocnemum strobilaceum, Halostachys caspica
32 Lowland-colline dwarf sub-shrub deserts with ephemeroids Xerophytic and halophytic vegetation with subshrubs and annuals: Salsola ericoides, Nitraria schoberi, Artemisia lerchiana 322 Gypsaceous-clayish semidesert On Tertiary red gypsaceeous-clayish soils with Halanthium rarifolium, H. kulpianum, Salsola spp.
32 Lowland-colline dwarf sub-shrub deserts with ephemeroids Xerophytic and halophytic vegetation with subshrubs and annuals: Salsola ericoides, Nitraria schoberi, Artemisia lerchiana 323 Sandy semidesert On sandy soil with Achillea tenuifolia, Lepidium vescicaria, Astragalus oxyglottis
32 Lowland-colline dwarf sub-shrub deserts with ephemeroids Xerophytic and halophytic vegetation with subshrubs and annuals: Salsola ericoides, Nitraria schoberi, Artemisia lerchiana 324 Sagebrush semidesert At upper limits of halophytic vegetation with Artemisia fragrans, A. araxina
33 Oroxerophytic vegetation
41 Saline marshes Dominant Juncus acutus, Glaux maritime, Iris musulmanica near Ararat and fragmentary near the Blak Sea
42 Tall sedge fens Western Georgia to Lesser and Greater Caucasus with Sphagnum medium, S. divinum, Rhododendron ponticum, R. luteum, Vaccinium arctostaphylos, Osmunda regalis, Hibiscus ponticus, Rhynchospora caucasica
43 Riparian forests Quercus robur ssp. pedunculiflora, Ulmus minor, Populus spp., Salix spp., Tamarix spp.
44 Aquatic vegetation
44 Aquatic vegetation 441 Artificial or natural lakes with dominant macrophytic vegetation (Potamogeton spp. etc.)
44 Aquatic vegetation 442 Artificial or natural lakes near Black Sea with dominant Trapa spp
45 Coastal dunes at the shore of the Black Sea with Pancratium maritimum
51 Pastures
52 Segetal communities
53 Ruderal vegetation

 

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