The country of Georgia is famous for its biodiversity. According to IUCN, Georgia is listed number two of the world’s 34 “biodiversity hotspots” and hosts many endemic species.
The Western Caucasus is an area where important glacial refugia were located. The “Colchis refugium” has been identified already by botanists of the early XX century.
The Caucasian Turs are split into two species, the Western Tur (Capra caucasica) and the Eastern Tur (Capra cylindricornis) based on morphological characters, especially horn shape.
Caucasian tur are large-bodied wild goats exclusively occurring in the Greater Caucasus mountains. Traditionally, these animals are grouped as two parapatric species, C. caucasica in the West and C. cylindricornis in the East.
In 2017, a team at Ilia State University launched the project “Biodiversity of freshwater molluscs of Georgia” supported by Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation.